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Sexuality Education Programme @ TPSS


1. Sexuality Education (SEd) in schools is about enabling students to understand the physiological, social and emotional changes they experience as they mature, develop healthy and rewarding relationships including those with members of the opposite sex, and make wise, informed and responsible decisions on sexuality matters. SEd is premised on the importance of the family as the basic unit of society. This means encouraging healthy, heterosexual marriages and stable nuclear family units with extended family support. The teaching and learning of SEd is based on respect for the values and beliefs of the different ethnic and religious communities in Singapore on sexuality issues.

 

2. The goals of Sexuality Education are to:


 (i)            To help students make wise, responsible and informed decisions through the provision of accurate, current and age-appropriate knowledge on human sexuality and the consequences of sexual activity;
(ii)          To help students know themselves and build healthy and rewarding relationships through the acquisition of social and emotional skills of self-awareness, management of their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, development of empathy for others, possession of effective communication, problem-solving and decision-making skills; and
(iii)         To help students develop a moral compass, respect for themselves and for others as sexual beings, premised on the family as the basic unit of society, through the inculcation of positive mainstream values and attitudes about sexuality.   

3.  The key messages of Sexuality Education are:


 (i)            Love and respect yourself as you love and respect others;

 (ii)          Build positive relationships based on love and respect (which are the foundation for strong families); 

 (iii)         Make responsible decisions for yourself, your family and society; and

 (iv)         Abstinence before marriage is the best protection against STIs/HIV and unintended pregnancies. Casual sex can harm and hurt you and your loved ones.

You May Click here for more information on MOE Sexuality Education. 

Overview of The TPSS Sexuality Education Programme for 2018

4. Sexuality Education is delivered in a holistic manner through the school curriculum. The content for Sexuality Education is grouped into five main themes: Human Development, Interpersonal Relationships, Sexual Health, Sexual Behaviour, and, Culture, Society and Law. You may click here for more information on the scope of Sexuality Education in the school curriculum.


5. The subjects that incorporate topics on sexuality include:

a.    Science

b.    Character and Citizenship Education (CCE)


Growing Years (GY) Programme:


i.       The Teenage Years (2nd Edition)” (Lower Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package
ii.     
“Sense & Sexuality (2nd Edition)” (Upper Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package


6.  The values and attitudes of our youth towards sexuality are increasingly shaped by their peers, exposure to the media, popular culture and the internet. Adolescence is a complex stage in life as the adolescent attempts to find his/her own identity and often struggles with new social relationships. The period of middle adolescence (generally from 15 – 17 years old) can be a turbulent period for adolescents. The gap between physical and emotional/cognitive maturity may result in a tendency to act on impulse, experiment with various activities (including sexual activities), sometimes without understanding the unpleasant consequences that may arise from such experimentation. The need for peer acceptance can be overwhelmingly strong, and hinder one’s ability to act responsibly.  Given the pressures faced by the middle adolescent from within themselves and from peers, it is important to build a strong sense of self-worth, personal conviction and an understanding of the possible consequences of sexual behaviour.


7.  Through “The Teenage Years” and “Sense & Sexuality” packages, secondary students will have the opportunity to develop a positive self-esteem, develop their character, and expand their understanding and repertoire of skills to deal with various issues related to sexuality, which are of prime concern at this age. 


AT TAMPINES SECONDARY SCHOOL, THE FOLLOWING LESSONS FROM THE GROWING YEARS PROGRAMME WILL BE TAUGHT IN 2018:


Secondary 1

UNIT

LESSONS / DURATION

Lesson Objectives

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:


TIME PERIOD

 

The Real Self

(Part 1)

1

(60 mins)

  • know how one’s perception of his body is linked to          personal experiences and the sources of information      that are taken in
  • recognise that one’s self-perception is influenced by        his perception of his body
  • know strategies to develop healthy/positive                    perception of one’s body.

Semester 1

Lessons about Love (Part 1)

2

(60 mins)

  • recognise the importance of cultivating friendships          with members of the same and opposite sex
  • recognise what constitutes healthy and unhealthy          relationships
  • recognise the influence of peers on oneself and one’s      value system
  • distinguish between various types of love
  • know that the underlying value for healthy                    relationships is respect

Semester 1

3

(60 mins)

  • recognise the importance of developing a friendship        before committing to a romantic relationship
  • recognise what dating involves
  • know the different levels of physical intimacy in a          relationship
  • know that certain public displays of affection are not      considered appropriate behaviour in our society
  • recognise that it is important to seek their family’s        views, beliefs and expectations with regard to dating      and romantic relationships in teenage years

Semester 1

“Familiar” Strangers Alert

(Part 1)

4

(60 mins)

  • reflect on the reasons for people to use social                networking sites to make friends or to engage their        existing friends
  • know the usefulness and dangers of making friends        over social networking platforms
  • recognise that the media can influence the way              people think, feel and behave
  • identify ways to protect themselves from negative          influences from the media

Semester 1

5 – Part 1

(30 mins)

  • know the physiological, psychological and social            impact of sexual abuse on the individual
  • recognise the provision  of Singapore laws that              serves to protect teenagers from sexual perpetrators      and persecute those who have committed such              crimes
  • identify sources to seek help and support

Semester 1

5 – Part 2

Main Task

(30 mins)

Description of the Main Task:

  • Students are to work on the main task in groups of 4      or 5
  • Groups will describe how the media can influence          relationships (with self, peers, and the opposite sex)
  • Groups can choose to present this in the form of a          song, short 1-min video, rap, poster or any other            preferred mode
  • To assess learning, teachers may want students to        submit a short write up to describe their work or a          personal reflection after the main task.

Semester 1


SECONDARY 2

UNIT

LESSONS / DURATION

Lesson Objectives

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:


TIME PERIOD

 

Lessons about Love (Part 2)

6

(60 mins)

  • identify why relationships break down
  • identify the emotions that accompany the breakdown      of a relationship
  • know healthy ways of coping with rejections and            breakups
  • recognise the need to be respectful and responsible         in ending a relationship
  • know ways to seek support when going through a          breakdown of relationship and offer support for              those going through the same

Semester 1

7

(60 mins)

&

8 – Part 1

(30 mins)

  • recognise the sources of temptation and situations          that lead to pre-marital sex
  • resist pressure to engage in sexual activities
  • know the consequences of engaging in pre-marital          sex
  • recognise that respect and responsible decision              making are important in relationships
  • recognise the value of sexual abstinence
  • identify sources to seek help and support when faced      with teenage pregnancy

Semester 1

8 – Part 2

Main Task

(30 mins)

 Description of the Main Task:

  • In groups, students will choose 1 out of 3 given              scenarios.
  • Through the chosen scenario, students will share

o   the consequences of pre-marital sex

o   the value of abstinence before marriage

o   skills to say ‘no’ to temptations or pressure to have sex

  • Depending on the scenario chosen, groups can              present the above through a short skit /                        presentation, song lyrics/ poem, or a comic strip /          poster, or other preferred modes.
  • At the end of all the presentations, students are to          assess and reflect upon their own learning using a          reflection form.

Semester 1

At the Crossroads

(Part 1)

9

(60 mins)

  • describe what pornography is, and why people view        pornographic materials
  • examine the effects of pornography on self and others
  • know what masturbation is, and its relation to                pornography
  • recognise the harmful consequences of excessive            masturbation
  • recognise that they are able to make responsible            decisions to manage their sexual desires
  • know appropriate sources to obtain accurate                  information about sex

Semester 1

10

(60 mins)

  • know/define what gender role is
  • know the influence of family, culture and society on        one’s perception of his/her gender role
  • appreciate/ affirm one’s own unique qualities and            characteristics as a male or female.
  •  know/define what sexual orientation                             (heterosexuality and homosexuality) is
  • recognise the need to treat people with respect              regardless of their sexual orientation

Semester 1


SECONDARY 3

UNIT

LESSONS / DURATION

Lesson Objectives

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:


TIME PERIOD

 

Lessons

about

Love

(Part 3)

1

(60 mins)

  • recognise what constitutes responsible dating
  • evaluate if a dating relationship is healthy or                  unhealthy
  • demonstrate competencies in managing emotions in        dating and romantic relationships

Semester 1

2

(60 mins)

  • recognise differences in perspectives of dating and          romantic relationships
  • evaluate one’s readiness for romantic relationships
  • recognise challenges that occur in the context of a          relationship
  • examine how our response to emotions can affect            relationships positively or negatively

Semester 1

3

(60 mins)

  • recognise the different levels of physical intimacy in a      relationship
  • know the progressive nature of actions that lead to          sexual arousal and intercourse
  • recognise that one may unintentionally invite sexual        intimacy through one’s verbal and non-verbal                  behaviour

Semester 1

4

(60 mins)

  • evaluate the norms of acceptability for public display        of affection
  • recognise how new media has shaped public                    perception of acceptability of public display of affection
  • identify the strengths and limitations of new media in      allowing people to develop serious relationships
  • recognise how new media has influenced relationship      building both positively and negatively
  • appreciate the value of face-to-face relationships

Semester 1

The Real

Self

(Part 2)

5 – Part 1

(30 mins)

  • recognise the importance of having healthy self-              esteem that is not affected by external influences
  • demonstrate strategies to identify and evaluate              sources that contribute towards healthy self-esteem
  • recognise the importance of self-esteem in building          friendships Identity and healthy relationships

Semester 1

 

5 – Part 2

(30 mins)

Description of the Main Task:

  • Students are to work in groups of 4 or 5.
  • Each group will present the positive and                          negative messages about self-image received from a        chosen source (peers, teachers, families or the                media) and share tips on managing the negative              messages.
  • Groups can represent their learning through a blog, a      poster presentation, an article for a teenage                    magazine, a role-play, a letter of response from Aunt      Agony, a pamphlet or other preferred modes.
  • At the end of all the presentations, students are to          assess and reflect upon their own learning using a            reflection form.

Semester 1

SECONDARY 4

UNIT

LESSONS / DURATION

Lesson Objectives

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:


TIME PERIOD

 

Lessons

about

Love

(Part 4a)

6

(60 mins)

  • explain the process of grief and loss that people            experience when a relationship breaks down
  • exercise sensitivity and empathy when                          communicating break- ups
  • recognise that one can emerge stronger after a              break-up

Semester 1

“Familiar”

Strangers

Alert

(Part 2)

7

(60 mins)

 

  • know what is considered pornographic material on        the Internet under the Internet code of practice
  • reflect on the legal consequences of sexual                    behaviour and include these considerations in their        decision-making pertaining to pornography

Semester 1

At the

Crossroads

(Part 2)

8

(30 mins)

  • distinguish between biologically-based and socially-        conditioned gender characteristics
  • evaluate views towards self and others, with regard      to gender differences and stereotypes

Semester 1

Lessons

about

Love

(Part 4b)

9

(60 mins)

  • recognise that commitment is a necessary                    ingredient for success in a marriage
  • identify responsibilities involved and the challenges        faced in marriages

Semester 1

NA

10

(60 mins)

Description of the Main Task:

  • This main task will capture the culmination of                 learning in Secondary 4 level.
  • Students are to work on the main task in groups of         4 or 5.
  • Each group is to take on a topic of interest from the      following: rejections and broken relationships,                pornography, gender identity or marriage,                    cohabitation and divorce.
  • Groups can share their learning for the chosen topic      in the form of a debate, a mini-teach, the depiction        and discussion of case scenarios, a discussion of            consequences that follows after the viewing of a            video or a live-chat, or any preferred mode.
  • At the end of all the presentations, students are to        assess and reflect upon their own learning using a          reflection form.
  • Teacher to round up by summarizing key learning          outcomes for each topic, emphasizing on the key          values and attitudes

 

Semester 1


SECONDARY 5

UNIT

LESSONS / DURATION

Lesson Objectives

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:


TIME PERIOD

 

Lessons

about

Love

(Part 5)

1

(60 mins)

  • reflect on the qualities of a healthy romantic                  relationship
  • evaluate one’s readiness for a romantic relationship,        leading to marriage
  • recognise that intimacy in a relationship need not be      limited to physical intimacy
  • recognise that break ups can allow one to understand      oneself better

Semester 1

NA

2

(60 mins)

 

Description of the Main Task:

  • Teacher can conduct a dialogue session with the            class and engage in a discussion on the following:
    • My ideal life partner
    • My future (How do they envision their future to        be like – in terms of their career, family etc.)
    • Potential obstacles (What are the potential                incidents that may prevent them from reaching          their life goals? – distraction from studies, break        ups, teenage pregnancy etc.)
    • My pillars of support (identify the pillars of                support they can have to guide them to the              desired future)
  • The purpose of this dialogue session is to surface             some of the values that students may have with             regard to relationships. Where appropriate, teachers       could provide relevant feedback to guide students.
  • Teachers can make use of different methods to check      students’ understanding, either by asking them to          sketch or jot down a few points on a personal                  whiteboard or post-its.
  • After the dialogue session, students are to assess            and reflect upon their own learning using a                    reflection form.

Semester 1

eTeens Programme

  1. eTeens is a programme developed by Health Promotion Board, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, for Secondary 3 students to provide them with accurate information on STIs, HIV and protection from a health perspective. eTeens is conducted in two segments – a mass talk segment and a classroom-based programme.

  2. Students are taught skills such as decision-making, assertiveness and negotiation to say “no” to sex and negative peer pressure. They also learn that the impact of STIs/HIV extends beyond themselves and involves their family. Abstinence and upholding family values are the key messages. The desired outcome of the eTeens programme is that students are empowered to make wise, informed and sensible decisions.

    At Tampines Secondary School, the eTeens programme will be implemented as        follows in 2018:

Topics/Lessons

Programme Learning Objectives


Time Period



Mass Talk by HPB appointed vendor

  • Awareness of the different STIs and HIV/AIDS
  • Modes of transmission
  • Modes of protection, specifically on how the condom is used
  • Consequences and impact of STIs/HIV

 

 

 

 

 

Semester 2

 

 


Classroom-based Lesson

  • Learn to negotiate their way out of a risky situation by              applying skills of assertiveness and responsible decision-            making 

Information for Parents


10. Parents may opt their children out of Growing Years, eTeens and/or supplementary sexuality education programmes by MOE-approved external providers. 


11. Parents who wish to opt their children out of the Growing Years (GY) programme need to complete an opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year and also downloadable here.

 A hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the school office by 05/01/2018.


12. Parents who wish to opt their children out of the eTeens programme need to complete an opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year also downloadable here. A hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the school office by 05/01/2018.


13. Parents can contact the school at tpss@moe.edu.sg OR Tel: 67835423 for discussion or to seek clarification about the school’s sexuality education programme.


14. Parents who wish to attend the school sexuality education programmes should contact the school to make the necessary arrangements.